Marie Couton, La Voix de l'ombre: pastorale et mélancolie dans L'Arcadie de Philip Sidney, p. 97
Résumé. The melancholic pastoral mode plays a limited but essential role in the complex architecture of Sir Philip Sidney's New Arcadia. It contributes to the narrative demonstration that the pastoral retreat is a trap. The princes increasingly seek the solitariness of deserted places ever further away from their original heroic focus until they withdraw into the cave which inverts the temple motif of Montemayor's Diana. Pastoral melancholy is also essential in the poetic production of the eclogues that cannot be discounted in spite of the unfinished state of the text. Solitariness triggers a reflexive, involved and existential poetry in which the princes ponder on the somber aspects of the human plight. Erotemas, oxymorons, phonic and semantic echoes, inverted vistas, the expressionistic accents of pathetic fallacy fashion and refashion wavering and uncertain mental landscapes. Interrogations multiply and enduring meaning often seems beyond reach. The speakers seem swayed by violent passions and impotently falter, in the throes of delusions. But their dark ruminations ultimately lead them to acknowledge the need to trust in Providence to answer the needs of a failing and fallible creature.
Note sur l'auteur
Marie Couton est Professeur à l'Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand. Sa thèse portait sur " Didactisme et romanesque dans le roman élisabéthain " (1982). Elle travaille actuellement sur la prose de Thomas Nashe et de John Lyly. Sa publication la plus récente est: " Strange News: Thomas Nashe entre innovation et tradition in Innovation et Tradition de la Renaissance aux Lumières, éds. François Laroque et Frank Lessay (Paris: Presses de la Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2002). Sont à paraître prochainement: " 'Virtue Set Out in its Best Colours'. La Beauté héroïque dans l'Arcadie de Sir Philip Sidney " et " Erasmus' Hystrix: Lyly's arguing with Mirabilia in The Anatomy of Wit and Euphues and His England "